Omega 3 EPA information

Omega 3 Aggression Depression

EPA reduces aggression and depression...

Women with moderately severe borderline personality disorder (BPD) may become less aggressive and less depressed by taking supplemental eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA).

While EPA has been shown to be an effective adjunctive treatment for other mood disorders, this is the first study to suggest it may also be useful in the treatment of Borderline Personality Disorder.

Borderline personality disorder is a psychiatric condition that affects up to 2% of the American population. More than 75% of those diagnosed with BPD are women. People with BPD are often involved in unstable or intense interpersonal relationships and have low self-esteem.

They may also demonstrate signs of impulsive behaviour (such as excessive spending, drug abuse or reckless driving) or outbursts of anger, and they frequently suffer from anxiety or depression. Improvement with antidepressants and mood stabilizers has been modest at best. Treatment with EPA may be equal to or more beneficial than drug therapy, with fewer adverse effects.

In the new study, 30 women with moderately severe BPD between the ages of 18 and 40 received 500 mg twice a day of EPA or a similar looking placebo for eight weeks.

Two scales assessing aggression and depression were administered by a psychiatrist initially and then weekly or biweekly until the study was completed.
None of the women were taking prescription antidepressant or mood-altering medications or consuming significant amounts of fatty fish (the main dietary source of EPA).

The women taking EPA had a significant decrease in aggression and less severe depression. Compared with the placebo group, average aggression and depression scores decreased in the EPA treatment group by 44% and 22%, respectively. The EPA capsules were well tolerated by each of the participants in the treatment group.
Some studies suggest that greater seafood consumption is associated with lower rates of bipolar disorder and major depression. Other studies have found EPA to be an effective adjunctive treatment for bipolar disorder and recurrent depression.

The role of EPA as a mood-stabilizing agent requires further investigation, but the results of this pilot study are promising. It should be noted that a purified EPA product, called ethyl-eicosapentaenoic acid (E-EPA), was used in this study.

While eating fatty fish or taking fish-oil supplements may mimic some of the effects of E-EPA, one cannot automatically assume that fish oil would be as effective as the purified preparation.


Zanarini MC, Frankenburg FR. (2003). omega-3 Fatty acid treatment of women with borderline personality disorder: a double-blind, placebo-controlled pilot.
With kind permission from The Facts About Fitness.

Click here to go to the PuraEPA website.

   Nature’s very own anti-depressant
   EPA Omega 3 and ADHD/ADD
   EPA Omega 3 Reduced Depression in
   EPA Omega 3 Benefits Patients in 4
   Ethyl EPA Fish Oil – Depression
   DHA Depression
   EPA Omega 3 and Unipolar Disorder
   Evening Primrose Oil PMS/Hot Flushes
   Omega 3 Fish Oil
   Omega 3 epa a natural remedy for depression
   Omega 3 Autoimmune Disease
   Omega 3 Hair Skin Joints
   Omega 3 EPA Bipolar Disorder
   Omega 3 a natural remedy for SAD
   Omega 3 Fatty Acid Imbalance
   Omega 3 Schizophrenia
   Depression and Bipolar Disorder
   Omega 3 a natural remedy for ADHD
   Omega 3 Fish Oil Weight Loss
   Flax Seed Oil versus Fish Oil
   Omega 3 Aggression Depression
   Omega 3 Fish Oil Schizophrenia
   Omega 3 Fish Oil Pregnancy/Heart
   Omega 3 Fish Oil and the Brain
   Depression and Associated Symptoms
   Fish hold the power
   Huntingtons and EPA
   Fish Oil, Chronic Fatigue Syndrome
   Chronic fatigue syndrome
   Fibromyalgia and EPA
   Chronic Fatigue Syndrome Epidemiology
   Omega 3 and a Healthy Heart
   Omega 3, OCD
   The Truth About Omega 3
   Good Fat, Bad Fat
   Do you need Omega 3 fatty acids?
   Omega 3 benefit
   Omega 3 Supplements
   Omega 3 source
   Omega 3 capsule
   Omega 3 fats
   What are Essential Fatty Acids
   Essential Fatty Acid supplement
   Omega-3 Offers Hope For New Anti-breast Cancer Drugs
   Conditions that suggest Essential Fatty Acid deficiency
   Benefit of essential fatty acid
   We tried it... PuraEPA
   Bipolar depression a personal story
   Types of omega 3 fish oil
   A natural remedy for depression
   Boost the immune system